Create RabbitMQ Exchange using Java Spring Boot Example


We will make use of the "Spring for RabbitMQ" dependency for this example and create a direct exchange.

Gradle:
plugins {
	id 'java'
	id 'org.springframework.boot' version '3.1.1'
	id 'io.spring.dependency-management' version '1.1.0'
}

group = 'org.code2care'
version = '0.0.1-SNAPSHOT'

java {
	sourceCompatibility = '17'
}

repositories {
	mavenCentral()
}

dependencies {
	implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-amqp'
	implementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web'
	testImplementation 'org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-test'
	testImplementation 'org.springframework.amqp:spring-rabbit-test'
}

tasks.named('test') {
	useJUnitPlatform()
}
Maven:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 https://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<parent>
		<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
		<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
		<version>3.1.1</version>
		<relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
	</parent>
	<groupId>org.code2care</groupId>
	<artifactId>rabbitmq</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<name>rabbitmq</name>
	<description>Create RabbitMQ Exchange</description>
	<properties>
		<java.version>17</java.version>
	</properties>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-amqp</artifactId>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.amqp</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-rabbit-test</artifactId>
			<scope>test</scope>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>

	<build>
		<plugins>
			<plugin>
				<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
				<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
			</plugin>
		</plugins>
	</build>

</project>
RabbitMQConfig.java
package org.code2care.rabbitmq;

import org.springframework.amqp.core.DirectExchange;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.connection.ConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitAdmin;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class RabbitMQConfig {

    private static final String EXCHANGE_NAME = "transformer_exchange";

    @Bean
    public DirectExchange myExchange() {
        return new DirectExchange(EXCHANGE_NAME);
    }

    @Bean
    public RabbitAdmin rabbitAdmin(ConnectionFactory connectionFactory) {
        return new RabbitAdmin(connectionFactory);
    }
}
RabbitMQExchangeCreator.java
package org.code2care.rabbitmq;

import org.springframework.amqp.core.DirectExchange;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class RabbitMQExchangeCreator {

    @Autowired
    private DirectExchange transformerExchange;

    public void createExchange() {
        System.out.println("RabbitMQ Exchange Created: " + transformerExchange.getName());
    }
}
RabbitmqApplication.java
package org.code2care.rabbitmq;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.CommandLineRunner;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class RabbitmqApplication implements CommandLineRunner {

	@Autowired
	private RabbitMQExchangeCreator mqExchangeCreator;

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		SpringApplication.run(RabbitmqApplication.class, args);
	}

	@Override
	public void run(String... args) throws Exception {
		mqExchangeCreator.createExchange();
	}

}
application.properties:
spring.rabbitmq.host=localhost
spring.rabbitmq.port=5672
spring.rabbitmq.username=guest
spring.rabbitmq.password=guest
Output:

RabbitMQ Exchange Created: transformer_exchange

Create RabitMQ Exchange Example Java
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Author Info:

Rakesh (He/Him) is a seasoned developer with over 10 years of experience in web and app development, and a deep knowledge of operating systems. Author of insightful How-To articles for Code2care.

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