[fix] fatal: this operation must be run in a work tree in git


git - fatal this operation must be run in a work tree
% git add MyClass.java

fatal: this operation must be run in a work tree

If you are trying to stage a file or stage all files using git add -A and you get a fatal error saying this operation must be run in work tree, then its most likely that you are inside the .git hidden directory while trying to run the command,

% /myproj/.git/ master ls -la

total 40
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:52 .
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   23 Aug 16 08:41 HEAD
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 branches
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   92 Aug 16 08:41 config
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root   73 Aug 16 08:41 description
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 hooks
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 info
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 objects
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Aug 16 08:41 refs
Fix:

Make sure you are within your project directory and not inside .git or any sub-directories as shown in the above list when you run the add command,

% git add MyClass.java

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